National Oil & Lube News

May 2017

Digital issues of National Oil & Lube News, the trade magazine for the preventive maintenance industry

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52 NOLN | www.noln.net • I997 – Nissan introduced GDI with their Leopard VQ30DD engine. • 1998 – Toyota introduced GDI into the Japanese market with their D4 engines. • 1999 – Renault introduced their Es- sence with a 2.0L GDI engine. • 1999 – Peugeot Citroën, Hyundai and Volvo licensed Mitsubishi's GDI tech- nology. • 2000 – e Volkswagen Group intro- duced GDI engines, calling them fuel stratified injection (FSI) and turbo fuel stratified injection (TFSI). • 2001 – Toyota introduced D4 GDI en- gines into European markets. • 2002 – Alfa Romeo introduced their jet thrust stoichiometric (JTS) GDI engine. • 2003 – General Motors introduced their Ecotec spark ignition direct in- jection (SIDI) GDI engines. • 2003 – BMW introduced a turbo- charged straight-six GDI engine. • 2003 – Honda introduced their Stream GDI engine, sold in Japan. • 2004 – Isuzu introduced GDI engines in US vehicles, standard in the Axiom and optional in the Rodeo. • 2005 – Mazda introduced their own version of GDI in the Mazdaspeed6 and later in the CX-7 sport-utility, with their new GDI Mazdaspeed3 in US and European markets referred to as direct injection spark ignition (DISI). • 2005 – Toyota introduced a new V-6 3.5L D-4S Lexus GDI engine to US markets. • 2006 – SAE Paper 2006-01-1259 re- ported the Lexus 2GR-FSE adopted dual-injection with GDI and PFI. • 2006 – BMW introduced their N54 twin-turbo inline-six GDI engine for the 335i coupe, later for the 335i se- dan, 535i and 135i models. • 2006 – Mercedes-Benz introduced its charged gasoline injection (CGI) GDI system in the CLS 350 CGI. • 2006 – Audi introduced a V8 fuel stratified injection (FSI) technology in their R8 GDI engine. • 2007 – GM introduced GDI in the 3.6L V6 LLT SIDI for the Cadillac CTS and STS, plus their Holden Commo- dore SV6. • 2007 – BMW introduced GDI in the Mini Cooper. • 2008 – BMW introduced a twin-turbo N63 V8 GDI engine. • 2009 – Chrysler produces GDI for Chrysler, Jeep, Dodge, Ram, Fiat, SRT and Mopar-customized vehicles. • 2009 – Ferrari began selling their front-engine California with GDI, along with the 458 Italia for Ferrari mid-rear engine setups. • 2009 – Porsche began selling the 997 and Cayman with GDI engines. • 2009 – Jaguar Land Rover AJ-V8 Gen III 5.0L engine (introduced in August 2009 for the 2010 model year) with GDI. • 2010 – Ford publicly introduced their turbo-boosted GDI technology la- beled EcoBoost. • 2010 – GM introduced their Gen II block 2.4L Ecotec LAF GDI engine. • 2010 – GM introduced their 3.6L GDI engine in the Chevy Camaro, and the 3.0L LF1 SIDI engine. • 2010 – Infiniti introduced the M56 with GDI. • 2011 – Ford introduced their F-150 pickup with the 3.5L V6 EcoBoost. • 2011 to 2016 – Ford sells 1 million F-150 pickups with Ecoboost en- gines. • 2011 – Hyundai introduced a 2.4L four-cylinder GDI engine in their So- nata, plus a turbo-charged 2.0L ver- sion. • 2012 – GM introduced GDI in their 2.5L Ecotec LCV and 2.0L turbo- charged Ecotec LTG in a Gen III block. • 2013 – Honda introduced their Acura RLX GDI V6 with GDI en- gine technology. • 2014 – GM introduced their new LT1, a 6.2L V8 GDI engine with vari- able-displacement cylinder-deactiva- tion (different from their 1990s LT1/ LT4 engines). • 2014 – Toyota introduced a sweeping makeover of their en- gine designs including their GDI engines. • 2014 – Hyundai Accent introduced an aluminum block inline-four GDI engine. • 2015-current – GDI is used on Audi, BMW, GM, Ford, Hyundai, Lexus, Mazda, Mini, Nissan, Porsche, VW and others, and reportedly all current gasoline engine development utilizes direct injection. Identification With frequent design changes, how can one identify GDI engines with confidence? e fly-in-the-ointment for GDI identi- fication appears frequently with upgrad- ed and discontinued engines, sometimes with changed manufacturer sources. Likely due to rushed-to-market unin- tended consequences, many OEMs do not label their GDI engines as such, which presents another challenge. While Ford Ecoboost engines are all turbo-boosted GDI, have you seen EcoBoosts identified as GDI or TGDI? But, you can identify GDI engines. After removing the engine's cover, identify GDI by the high-pressure fuel pump — cam-driven and typical- ly visible on top. (Fig. 2) With noisy, high-pressure fuel pumps sometimes disguised under an acoustic-insula- tor cover, recognize GDI by the steel fuel line leading from the covered high-pressure fuel pump to the injec- tor rail(s). Want more? Email me. S AMBER KOSSAK is president and CEO of Solid Start, man- ufacturer of True Brand Products. She has been in the automotive industry for almost 20 years and is serving on the AOCA board of directors. She can be contacted at: kossak@solidstart.biz For more information please visit: www.solidstart.biz OWEN HEATWOLE serves as Technical Support manager of Solid Start/ True Brand. He's spent his life maintaining a variety of engines; the last 25 years supporting pre- ventive maintenance engine decarbonization, includ- ing projects for the AMRA's Technical Committee and training worldwide. He can be contacted at: heatwole@ solidstart.biz

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